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Հղումը Վիքիպեդիայի կարևոր հատկանիշներից է։ Ներքին հղումները նախագիծը դարձնում են մի համախմբված ամբողջություն։ Interwiki links կցում են նախագիծը քույր նախագծերին, ինչպիսիք են Վիքիդարանը, Վիքիբառարանը և Վիքիպեդիան այլ լեզուներով։ Իսկ արտաքին հղումները կցում են Վիքիպեդիան Համաշխարհային սարդոստայնին։

Համապատասխան հղումները տրամադրում են անմիջական անցումներ նախագծի ներսում և նախագծից դուրս, որոնք կարող են բարելավել հոդվածի ընթեռնելիությունը։ Հոդվածներ գրելիս և խմբագրելիս կարևոր է հաշվի առնել ոչ միայն նյութի բովանդակությունը, այլև տրամադրել հղումներ, որոնք կօգնեն ընթերցողին գտնել առնչվող նյութերը, ինչպես նաև պահպանել հետադարձ կապը հղվող հոդվածներում։ Սակայն հարկավոր է խուսափել գերհղվածությունից և թերհղվածությունից, ինչպես նկարագրված է ստորև։

Հետևյալ էջը տրամադրում է ուղեգիծ, երբ օգտագործել, կամ չօգտագործել հղումներ և ինչպես ֆորմտավորել դրանք։ Հղումների ստեղծման շարահյուսության մասին մանրամասն տեղեկություններ կարելի է գտնել Օգնություն:Հղում էջում։ Հղվելու կանոնները, որոնք կիրառելի են Երկիմաստության փարատում էջերին դասակարգված են երկիմաստության փարատման ոճերի ուղեգծում։

Սկզբունքներ[խմբագրել կոդը]

Վիքիպեդիան հիմնված է հիպերտեքստի վրա և նպատակադրված է "կառուցել ոստայն"՝ հասանելի դարձնելով այլ էջերում գտնվող առնչվող տեղեկությունները։ Հղումը պարունակող էջը կոչվում է խարիսխ, իսկ հղվողը՝ թիրախ։

Հղումներ ավելացնելիս և հեռացնելիս պետք է գիտակցել հոդվածի դիրքը գիտելիքների ծառում։ Ներքին հղումները կարող են բարելավել Վիքիպեդիայի համախմբվածությունը և օգտակարությունը, թույլ տալով ընթերցողին թեման ավելի խորը հասկանալ՝ առնչվող հոդվածներին հարմարավետ հասանելիության շնորհիվ։ Հարցրեք ինքներդ ձեզ "Որքանո՞վ է հավանական, որ ընթերցողը կցանկանա կարդալ նաև այդ առնչվող հոդվածը"։ Տեղադրեք հղումներն այնտեղ, որտեղ ընթերցողը հավանաբար կցանկանա օգտագործել դրանք՝ հոդվածի ներածականում, նոր բաժնի աղյուսակների սկզբնամասում, պատկերի գլխագրում։ Ընդունված է հղում դնել տերմինի միայն առաջին օգտագործման համար։

Հղման ոճին վերաբերող ընդհանուր կետեր[խմբագրել կոդը]

  • Ինչպես մանրամասն նկարագրված է Օգնություն:Հղում#Վիքիհղումներ էջում, հղումը կարող է լինել "ուղղակի" ([[Երևան, Հայաստան]], որը բերվում է Երևան, Հայաստան), կամ "ուղորդված" ("piped") ([[Երևան, Հայաստան|Երևան]]), որը բերվում է Երևան տեքստին, բայց կրկին հղվում է "Երևան, Հայաստան" հոդվածին):
  • Բաժինների վերնագրերը չպետք է պարունակեն հղումներ, փոխարենը {{հիմնական}} կամ {{տես նաև}} կաղապարը պետք է տեղադրվի վերնագրից անմիջապես հետո:
  • Հղումները չպետք է տեղադրվեն ներածականի առաջին նախադասության մեջ օգտագործված վերնագրի թավ տառատեսակ կրկնության մեջ: [nb 1]
  • Ընդհանուր դեպքում մեջբերումներում չպետք է հղումներ լինեն։ Փոխարենը համապատասխան հղումները կարող են տեղադրվել մոտակա տեքստերում կամ հոդվածի "Տես նաև" բաժնում։
  • Հնարավորինս խուսափեք տեղադրել հղումները կողք կողքի, որպեսզի դրանք չդիտվեն որպես մի հղում։ Օրինակ՝ [[Հայաստան|Հայաստանի]] [[Շախմատ]]ի [[Մրցույթ]] (Հայաստանի Շախմատի Մրցույթ). Նման իրավիճակը կարելի է շտկել վերաձևակերպելով նախադասությունը այնպես, որ հնարավոր լինի բաց թողնել հղումներից մեկը, կամ օգտագործելով մեկ հատուկ հղում, օրինակ այսպես՝ Հայաստանի Շախմատի Մրցույթ։
  • Տեխնիկական թեմաներով հոդվածներում հղումների անրաժեշտությունն ավելին է քան ընդհանուր (general-interest) հոդվածներում, քանի որ դրանք պարունակում են մեծ քանակությամբ տերմիններ, որոնց բացատրությունը կոնտեքստում չի հաջողվում ընդհանուր բառարանների թարգմանությամբ։
  • Հոդվածներում հղումներ պետք չի ստեղծել օգտագործողների կամ Վիքինախագծերի էջերին, եթե դրանք հենց Վիքիպեդիայի հոդվացներից չեն (տես WP:Self-references to avoid
  • Do not unnecessarily make a reader chase links: if a highly technical term can be simply explained with a very few words, do so. Also use a link, but do not make a reader be forced to use that link to understand the sentence, especially if this requires going into nested links (a link that goes to a page with another technical term needed to be linked, which goes to a page with a link to another technical term, and so on). Don't assume that readers will be able to access a link at all, as, for example, they might have printed an article and be reading the hard copy on paper.

Overlinking and underlinking[խմբագրել կոդը]

Կաղապար:Anchors Կաղապար:Anchors

What generally should be linked[խմբագրել կոդը]

↱
  • WP:UNDERLINK

An article is said to be underlinked if words are not linked that are needed to aid understanding of the article. In general, links should be created to:

  • relevant connections to the subject of another article that will help readers understand the article more fully (see the example below). This can include people, events and topics that already have an article or that clearly deserve one, so long as the link is relevant to the article in question.
  • articles with relevant information, for example: "see Fourier series for relevant background".
  • articles explaining technical terms, jargon or slang expressions—but you could also provide a concise definition instead of or in addition to a link. If there is no appropriate Wikipedia article, an interwiki link to Wiktionary could be used.
  • proper names that are likely to be unfamiliar to readers.
  • Do not be afraid to create links to potential articles that do not yet exist (see Red links below).
  • If you feel that a link does not belong in the body of an article, consider moving it to a "See also" section.

What generally should not be linked[խմբագրել կոդը]

↱
  • WP:OVERLINK

An article is said to be overlinked if it links to words that can be understood by most readers of the English Wikipedia. Overlinking should be avoided, because it makes it difficult for the reader to identify and follow links that are likely to be of value.[1] Unless they are particularly relevant to the topic of the article,

  • Avoid linking plain English words.
  • Avoid linking the names of major geographic features and locations, religions, languages, and common professions.
  • Avoid linking common units of measurement, [nb 2] and dates (see below).
  • As a rule of thumb, link on first reference only.
  • Do not link to a page that redirects back to the page the link is on.

Repeated links[խմբագրել կոդը]

↱
  • WP:REPEATLINK

In general, link only the first occurrence of an item. There are exceptions to this guideline, including these:

  • where the later occurrence is a long way from the first.
  • where the first link is in an infobox, navbox or similar meta-content.
  • where the links are in a table or in a list, as each row should stand on its own.

Lead section[խմբագրել կոդը]

↱
  • WP:LEADLINK

Too many links can make the lead hard to read. In technical articles that use uncommon terms, a higher-than-usual link density in the lead section may be necessary. In such cases, try to provide an informal explanation in the lead, avoiding using too many technical terms until later in the article—see WP:Make technical articles accessible and point 5 of WP:NOT#Wikipedia is not a manual, guidebook, textbook, or scientific journal.

An example article[խմբագրել կոդը]

For example, in the article on supply and demand:

  • almost certainly link "microeconomics" and "general equilibrium theory", as these are technical terms that many readers are unlikely to understand at first sight;
  • consider linking "price" and "goods" only if these common words have technical dimensions that are specifically relevant to the topic.
  • do not link to the "United States", because that is an article on a very broad topic with no direct connection to supply and demand.
  • definitely do not link "potato", because it is a common term with no particular relationship to the article on supply and demand, beyond its arbitrary use as an example of traded goods in that article.
  • Make sure that the links are directed to the correct articles: in this example, you should link good (economics), not good. Many common dictionary words link to disambiguation pages.

Link clarity[խմբագրել կոդը]

The article linked to should correspond to the term showing as the link as closely as possible given the context: for example, When Mozart wrote his Requiem rather than When Mozart wrote his Requiem, or Previn conducted Mozart's Requiem rather than Previn conducted Mozart's Requiem – this makes it clear the link is to the article on Mozart's Requiem in particular, rather than that on requiems in general.

Link specificity[խմբագրել կոդը]

Always link to the article on the most specific topic appropriate to the context from which you link: it will generally contain more focused information, as well as links to more general topics. (Move your mouse pointer over the blue links in the table below to see the target.)

What you type How it appears Specificity
[[Icelandic alphabet]] Icelandic alphabet Specific
[[Icelandic (language)|Icelandic]] alphabet Icelandic alphabet Related, but less specific
Icelandic [[alphabet]] Icelandic alphabet Unspecific
the [[flag of Tokelau]] the flag of Tokelau Specific
the [[flag]] of [[Tokelau]] the flag of Tokelau Unspecific
[[Requiem (Mozart)|Requiem]] Requiem Specific
[[Requiem]] Requiem Unspecific

In each case the specific link is preferred.

If there is no article about the most specific topic, do one of the following things:

  • If an article on the specific topic does not yet exist, create a redirect page to the article about a more general topic, as described in section Կաղապար:Sectionlink. For example, there currently is no article about the song "Sad Statue" from the album Mezmerize. In the meantime you create Sad Statue which redirects to the article about the album.
  • If there is no article on a more general topic either, then create a red link, but read Կաղապար:Sectionlink below.

When neither a redirect nor a red link appear appropriate, consider linking to a more general article instead. For example, instead of Baroque hairstyles, write Baroque hairstyles, Baroque hairstyles, Baroque hairstyles, or hairstyles of the Baroque, depending on the context.
If an existing article has a section specifically about the topic, you can redirect or link directly to it, by appending a number sign (#) and the name of the section to the article name. For example, Underpromotion is a redirect to Promotion (chess)#Underpromotion, and in the article Quark the link eight gluon types (typed as [[Gluon#Eight gluon colors|eight gluon types]]) links to a specific section in Gluon. When doing this, add a hidden comment to the target section such as <!-- "Quark" links here --> so that someone changing the title of that section can fix the incoming links. (Alternatively, use Template:Anchor in case of a large number of links to the section.)

To link to a section of the same article, e.g. in the lead of Promotion (chess), write: [[#Promotion to rook or bishop|promotion to a rook or bishop]].

Techniques[խմբագրել կոդը]

Redirects[խմբագրել կոդը]

Let's assume for example you needed a link "poodle", and there was no article for poodles yet. You might want to create a redirect from "poodle" to "dog" as follows: Write the link in the text as if the "poodle" article existed: She owned a [[poodle]] .... When you save or preview this, you will see: She owned a poodle.... Click on the red link to create the redirect page, enter the target article name (in our case, Dog), select that text, and click the "#R" button. This will create the following text: #redirect [[Dog]].

The advantage of redirects over piped links is that they allow us to determine which pages link to the given topic using Special:Whatlinkshere, which in turn allows us to ...

(There is currently no way to apply Whatlinkshere directly to article sections.)

To link to a redirect page without following the underlying redirect, use {{noredirect|PageName}}, replacing PageName with the name of the redirect page to link.

Piped links[խմբագրել կոդը]

You may want to display a text for a link that is different from the linked article title. This can be achieved with what is called Piped links. Example: [[Henry II of England|Henry II]], which displays as Henry II. However, make sure that it is still clear what the link refers to without having to follow the link. Think about what the reader will believe the link is about. Example: When you use a link such as [[Archery at the 2008 Summer Olympics|Archery]] (which displays as Archery), the reader will expect this link to go to a general article on archery, rather than Archery at the 2008 Summer Olympics. The exception is when it is clear from the context that links go to specific articles, as in template:2008 Summer Olympics calendar, where all links go to the article about these specific games.

  • Plurals and other derived names. When forming plurals, you can do so thus: [[apple]]s which includes the final "s" in the link like this: apples. This is easier to type and clearer to read in the source text than [[apple|apples]]. This works not just for "s", but for any words that consist of an article name and some additional letters. For details, see Help:Link. (Note: this does not work for affixes beginning with hyphens, apostrophes, or capital letters.)
  • Case sensitivity. Links are not sensitive to initial capitalization, so there is no need to use piping where the only difference between the text and the target is the case of the initial letter (Wikipedia article titles almost always begin with a capital, whereas the linked words in context often do not). However, links are case-sensitive for all but the initial character.
  • Intuitiveness.
    ↱
    • WP:EGG
    Keep piped links as intuitive as possible. Per the Wikipedia:Principle of least astonishment, make sure that the reader knows what to expect when clicking on a link. You should plan your page structure and links so that everything appears reasonable and makes sense. If a link takes readers to somewhere other than where they thought it would, it should at least take them somewhere that makes sense. For example, do not write this: Կաղապար:!xt2 The readers will not see the hidden reference to the parton model unless they click on or hover over the piped particle physics link; in hard copy, the reference to partons is completely lost. (Such links are sometimes called Easter eggs.) Instead, reference the article with an explicit "see also" or by rephrasing: Կաղապար:Xt2
  • Piping and redirects. Per Կաղապար:Sectionlink above, do not use a piped link where it is possible to use a redirected term that fits well within the scope of the text. For example, let's assume the page A Dirge for Sabis is a redirect to the page The Sword of Knowledge, and while you're editing some other article, you want to add a link to A Dirge for Sabis. You may be tempted to avoid the redirect by directly linking to it with a pipe like this: [[The Sword of Knowledge|A Dirge for Sabis]]. Instead, write simply [[A Dirge for Sabis]] and let the system handle the rest. This has the added advantage that if an article is written later about the more specific subject (in this case, A Dirge for Sabis), fewer links will need to be changed to accommodate for the new article.

Piped links to sections of articles[խմբագրել կոդը]

Linking to particular sections of articles can be useful, inasmuch as it can take the reader immediately to the information that is most focused on the original topic. If you decide not to use a redirect, you have to use a piped link, because the format "Article name#Section name", is not good enough for display in an article. The format for a subsection link is [[Article#Section|name of link]]. Please note, section name is case sensitive. For example, to link to the "Culture" subsection of the Oman article, type [[Oman#Culture|culture of Oman]] (which displays as culture of Oman). As noted above, when doing this, add a hidden comment to the target section such as <!-- "Quark" links here --> so that someone changing the title of that section can fix the incoming links. (Alternatively, use {{Anchor}} in case of a large number of links to the section.)

See also Section linking help.

Links to Wikipedia's categories[խմբագրել կոդը]

Wikipedia has categories of articles like [[Կատեգորիա:Phrases]]; adding this to an article puts it into that category. You can link to a category by putting a colon in front.

For example [[:Category:Phrases]] links to Category:Phrases, and piping can be used: Phrases.

{{see also cat|Phrases}} creates: Կաղապար:See also cat

Red links[խմբագրել կոդը]

An internal link that displays in red points to a page that does not exist by that name. Some red links come about due to errors (misspelling, or failure to check the exact name of the target article); these should be fixed by correcting the spelling, using a piped link or, if appropriate, creating a redirect. However, many red links are perfectly legitimate, serving to point to an article which may exist in the future, and indeed encouraging editors to create such an article.[nb 3]

Legitimate red links should not be resolved by simply removing the bracket. If a red link is within the context of the article, and it is a topic with the potential to eventually be a neutral, verifiable and encyclopedic article, then the link should be kept. Such links do not have an expiration date, beyond which they must be "fixed". Red links should be removed only if they point to articles that are unlikely ever to be created, such as the names of book chapters, or if they would have little significance in the context of the present article even if they were created.

Red is only the default color for these links for logged-in users, who can change their preferences to select another color.

To make a link more useful to readers when no article currently exists, it may be useful to create a redirect to a relevant existing article or section, or to create a stub for the new article (check similar articles for conventions on naming and categorization).

Checking links as they are created[խմբագրել կոդը]

↱
  • WP:TESTLINK

One of the most common errors in linking occurs when editors do not check to see whether a link they have created goes to the intended location. This is especially true when a mistake is not obvious to the reader or to other editors. The text of links needs to be exact, and many Wikipedia destinations have a number of similar titles. To avoid such problems, which can be irritating for readers, the following procedure is recommended, especially for editors who are new to creating links.

  1. Carefully key in the link.
  2. Click on "Show preview".
  3. In the display-mode, click on the links to check they go where you intend; if they do not, fix them. If a destination page does not appear to exist, do a quick search to determine whether the article has a differently worded title or the subject is treated in a section of another article. Adjust the link accordingly or leave it as a red link.
  4. Return to the "Show preview" page using your browser's return button.
  5. Click on "Save page".

By following naming conventions, an internal link will be much more likely to lead to an existing article. When there is not yet an article about the subject, a good link will make the creation of a correctly named article much easier for subsequent writers.

Specific cases[խմբագրել կոդը]

Chronological items[խմբագրել կոդը]

Month-day linking[խմբագրել կոդը]

Month-day articles (February 24 and 10 July) should not be linked unless their content is germane (i.e. “relevant and appropriate”) and topical to the subject. Such links should share an important connection with that subject other than that the events occurred on the same date. For example, editors should not link the date (or year) in a sentence such as (from Sydney Opera House): "The Sydney Opera House was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 28 June 2007", because little, if any, of the contents of either June 28 or 2007 are germane to either UNESCO, a World Heritage Site, or the Sydney Opera House.

References to commemorative days (Saint Patrick's Day) are treated as for any other link. Intrinsically chronological articles (1789, January, and 1940s) may themselves contain linked chronological items.

Year linking[խմբագրել կոդը]

↱
  • WP:YEARLINK

Year articles (1795, 1955, 2007) should not be linked unless they contain information that is germane and topical to the subject matter—that is, the events in the year article should share an important connection other than merely that they occurred in the same year. For instance, Timeline of World War II (1942) may be linked to from another article about WWII, and so too may 1787 in science when writing about a particular development on the metric system in that year. However, the years of birth and death of architect Philip C. Johnson should not be linked, because little, if any, of the contents of 1906 and 2005 are germane to either Johnson or to architecture.

External links section[խմբագրել կոդը]

Wikipedia is not a link collection, and an article comprising only links is contrary to what the "what Wikipedia is not" policy dictates.

Syntax[խմբագրել կոդը]

The syntax for referencing a URL is simple. Just enclose it in single brackets with a space between the URL and the text that will be displayed when the page is previewed or saved:

[http://www.example.org Text to display]

The text will display as:

Text to display

The URL must begin with http:// or another common protocol, such as ftp:// or news://. If no protocol is used, the square brackets will display normally – [like this] – and can be used in the standard way.

In addition, putting URLs in plain text with no markup automatically produces a link, for example http://www.example.org/http://www.example.org/. However, this feature may disappear in a future release. Therefore, in cases where you wish to display the URL because it is intrinsically valuable information, it is better to use the short form of the URL (host name) as the optional text: [http://www.example.org/ example.org] produces example.org.

Link titles[խմբագրել կոդը]

You should not add a descriptive title to an embedded HTML link within an article. Instead, when giving an embedded link as a source within an article, simply enclose the URL in square brackets, like this: [http://www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,1650417,00.html][1]. However, you should add a descriptive title when an external link is offered in the References, Further reading, or External links section. This is done by supplying descriptive text after the URL, separated by a space and enclosing it all in square brackets.

For example, to add a title to a bare URL such as http://en.wikipedia.org/ (this is rendered as http://en.wikipedia.org/), use the following syntax: [http://en.wikipedia.org/ an open-content encyclopedia] (this is rendered as "an open-content encyclopedia").

Generally, URLs are ugly and uninformative; it is better for a meaningful title to be displayed rather than the URL itself. For example, European Space Agency website is much more reader-friendly than http://www.esa.int/export/esaCP/index.html. There may be exceptions where the URL is well known or is the company name. In this case, putting both the URL and a valid title will be more informative: for example, European Space Agency website, www.esa.int.

If the URL is displayed, make it as simple as possible; for example, if the index.html is superfluous, remove it (but be sure to check in preview mode first).

The "printable version" of a page displays all URLs in full, including those given a title, so no information is lost.

URLs as embedded (numbered) links[խմբագրել կոդը]

Without the optional text, external references appear as automatically numbered links: For example,

[http://en.wikipedia.org/]

is displayed like this: Կաղապար:Xt2

When an embedded HTML link is used to provide an inline source in an article, a numbered link should be used after the punctuation, like this, [2] with a full citation given in the References section. See Wikipedia:Cite sources and Wikipedia:Verifiability for more information.

When placed in the References and External links sections, these links should be expanded with link text, and preferably a full citation, including the name of the article, the author, the journal or newspaper the article appeared in, the date it was published, and the date retrieved.

Position in article[խմբագրել կոդը]

Embedded links that are used to support information in an article are positioned in the same manner as any other reference in the article, following the usual standards about citation formatting and placement in relation to punctuation.

Links that are not used as sources can be listed in the External links section, like this:

== External links ==
* [http://
* [http://

As with other top-level headings, two equal signs should be used to mark up the external links heading (see Headings elsewhere in the article). External links should always be the last section in an article. It precedes categories and some kinds of navigation templates.

If there is a dispute on the position of an embedded link, consider organizing alphabetically.

Non-English-language sites[խմբագրել կոդը]

Webpages in English are highly preferred. Linking to non-English pages may still be useful for readers in the following cases:

  • when the website is the subject of the article
  • when linking to pages with maps, diagrams, photos, tables (explain the key terms with the link, so that people who do not know the language can interpret them)
  • when the webpage contains information found on no English-language site of comparable quality, and is used as a citation (or when translations on English-language sites are not authoritative).

If the language is one that most readers could not be expected to recognize, or is for some other reason unclear from the name of the publication or the book/article/page title, consider indicating what language the site is in.

You can also indicate the language by putting a language icon after the link. This is done using Template:Language icon by typing {{Language icon|<language code>|<language name>}}. For example, {{Language icon|es}} displays as: (Իսպաներեն). Alternatively, type {{xx icon}}, where xx is the language code. For example, {{pl icon}} gives: (Լեհերեն). See Category:Language icon templates for a list of these templates and the list of ISO 639 codes.

File type and size[խմբագրել կոդը]

If the link is not to an HTML or PDF file (the latter is identified automatically by the software with an icon like this: [3]), identify the file type. Useful templates are available: {{DOClink}}, {{RTFlink}}. If a browser plugin is required to view the file, mention that as well. If a link is to a PDF file but doesn't end with .pdf, you can put a #.pdf at the end to flag it as a PDF.

If the link is to a large file (in the case of HTML, consider the size of the entire page, including the images), a note about that is useful too. Someone with a slow connection may decide not to use it.

Interwiki links[խմբագրել կոդը]

Linking[խմբագրել կոդը]

Interwiki links can take the form of:

[[wiktionary:article]] which appears as: wiktionary:article.

The pipe symbol suppresses the prefix:

[[wiktionary:article|]]article.

Adding text after the pipe allows different text:

[[wiktionary:article|Any text]]Any text

Floating boxes[խմբագրել կոդը]

Wikiquote-logo-hy.svg
Վիքիքաղվածքն ունի քաղվածքների հավաքածու, որոնք վերաբերում են

Floating boxes for links to articles in other Wikimedia Foundation projects such as Wiktionary and Wikiquote can be done with special link templates such as {{Wikiquote|Jimmy Wales}}. These will display as a box with a logo. Similar templates exist for some free content resources that are not run by the Wikimedia Foundation. These boxes are formatted in light green to distinguish them from Wikipedia's official sister projects. A list of such templates can be found at Wikipedia:List of templates linking to other free content projects.

Link maintenance[խմբագրել կոդը]

Linking and continual change are both central features of Wikipedia. However, continual change makes linking vulnerable to acquired technical faults, and to the later provision of different information from that which was originally intended. This is true of both "outgoing" links (from an article) and "incoming" links (to an article).

  • Outgoing links: These should be checked from time to time for unintended changes that are undesirable. If the opportunity arises to improve their formatting, appropriateness, and focus, this should be done.
  • Incoming links: Creating an article will turn blue any existing red links to its title (proper redlinks are created only in the hope that an article will eventually be written). Therefore, when creating an article, it is wise to check "What links here" to identify such redlinks, if any, and that they are appropriate.


Notes[խմբագրել կոդը]

  1. Շատ, սակայն ոչ բոլոր հոդվածները կրկնում են հոդվածի վերնագիրը թավ տառատեսակով հոդվածի առաջին տողում: Հոդվածի հղումն ինքն իրեն ստեղծում է "թավ տառատեսակով տեքստ": Նման պրակտիկան խորհուրդ չի տրվում, քանի որ առաջացնում է անիմաստ ցիկլիկ հղումներ վերաուղղորդումների միջոցով: Թավ տառատեսակով տեքստի մի մասի հղումը նույնպես խորհուրդ չի տրվում, քանի որ դա փոխում է թավության արտաքին տեսքը և որոշ ընթերցողներ բաց կթողնեն արտաքին նշանը ("cue") որն ել հենց թավ տառատեսակի օգտագործման առաջնային դերն է:
  2. The English-speaking world is divided amongst those who use metric measurements and those who use traditional measurements. If both are provided, as in 18 °C (64 °F), there is no need to link either measurement as almost all readers of the English Wikipedia will be able to understand at least one of the two measures. Some units of measure, such as "ounce" or "pound" are ambiguous. For example, ounce can refer to fluid, avoirdupois, troy and other ounces. Do not use links to resolve the ambiguity, as these will be lost in the printed form. Instead, specify the intended meaning in the text: as "9 fl oz", or, in a quote " ‘three [troy] ounces’ ". It is unnecessary to disambiguate in text if those who prefer this unit of measure will understand which unit is intended; those who prefer the alternative system can read it in the conversion provided. Thus, "a 12 oz (355 mL) bottle" will usually be enough. However, if the link to the unit is germane to the topic—for instance, in an article discussing the units of measure themselves—links may of course be provided.
  3. Academic research has suggested that red links may be a driving force in Wikipedia growth; see Diomidis Spinellis and Panagiotis Louridas (2008): The collaborative organization of knowledge. In Communications of the ACM, August 2008, 51(8), 68–73. DOI:10.1145/1378704.1378720. Quote: "Most new articles are created shortly after a corresponding reference to them is entered into the system". See also inflationary hypothesis of Wikipedia growth

References[խմբագրել կոդը]

See also[խմբագրել կոդը]

External links[խմբագրել կոդը]

Կաղապար:Wikipedia policies and guidelines