Barcelona–El Prat Airport (IATA: BCN, ICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), also known as El Prat Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of the centre of Barcelona, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi.
It is the second largest and second busiest airport in Spain behind Madrid-Barajas Airport, and the seventh busiest in Europe. In 2016, Barcelona Airport handled a record 44.1 million passengers, up 11.2% from 2015. It is a hub for Level and Vueling, and a focus city for Air Europa, Iberia, EasyJet, Norwegian and Ryanair. The airport mainly serves domestic European destinations, also having flights to North America (United States and Canada), South America (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Peru), Middle East (Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Jordan, United Arab Emirates and Qatar), Asia (Pakistan, China, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong), and Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Gambia, Ethiopia and Senegal).
The Barcelona–Madrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007. The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.
History[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).
In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.
On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747. [փա՞ստ] On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid–Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually. [փա՞ստ]
From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively. The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.[փա՞ստ]
In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006. [փա՞ստ]
The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 մ2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.
Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.
On 1 February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, also operated by the A380-800.
International Airlines Group (IAG) announced in December 2016 flights from Barcelona to the US, Latin America and Asia for the summer of 2017. IAG, formed by British Airways, Iberia, Vueling and Aer Lingus, created Level, the second airline, after Norwegian, launching low-cost long haul flights from the Catalan city. They announced flights from June 2017 to Los Angeles, Oakland, Punta Cana and Buenos Aires.Կաղապար:Relevance inline
Operations[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.
Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.
The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014[update] the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.
A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona) was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 կիլոմետր քառակուսիs (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.
The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas. Կաղապար:By whom
Terminals[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Terminal 1[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
A new Terminal 1, designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on the 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 մ2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 մ2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking spaces and 45 new gates expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable of handling large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.
The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.
Its facilities include:
- 258 check-in counters
- 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
- 15 baggage carousels (one new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
- 12,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in terminal 2.
The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually —as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction— and will reach 90 operations an hour.
The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the futureԿաղապար:When will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal had a budget of €1 billion.
It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal —T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan— considering that the airport is on the verge of collapse because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.
Terminal 2[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city. This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.
This terminal is most occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some airlines which are not low-cost in this terminal.
Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.
Airlines and destinations[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Passenger[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Barcelona:
Cargo[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Statistics[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Main airlines[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
|7||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Air Europa||1,052,286|
|8||Կաղապար:Flagdeco British Airways||843,648|
|9||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Air France||777,655|
|10||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Wizz Air||768,044|
|13||Կաղապար:Flagdeco TAP Portugal||555,243|
Busiest international routes[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
|1||Կաղապար:Flagdeco London Gatwick||1,460,914|
|2||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Amsterdam Schiphol||1,363,965|
|3||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Paris Charles de Gaulle||1,290,861|
|4||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Rome Fiumicino||1,225,979|
|6||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Paris Orly||1,163,701|
|5||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Frankfurt International||937,469|
|7||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Brussels National||927,483|
|8||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Munich F.J.Strauss||837,259|
|10||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Milan Malpensa||758,520|
|9||Կաղապար:Flagdeco London Heathrow||684,967|
|11||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Zürich International||649,719|
|12||Կաղապար:Flagdeco Geneva Cointrin||637,998|
|14||Կաղապար:Flagdeco London Luton||507,191|
Source: Aeroport de Barcelona, AENA.
Ground transportation[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Rail[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by the end of 2020.
Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since 12 February 2016 by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.
Road[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.
Bus[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Paral·lel Avenue. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona–Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.
Incidents and accidents[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
- On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
- On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
- On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
- On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Barcelona Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to take over air traffic control operations. On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a 'State of Alert', ordering the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.
Notes[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
References[խմբագրել | խմբագրել կոդը]
- "Orden FOM/1508/2011, de 18 de mayo, por la que se modifica la denominación oficial del Aeropuerto de Barcelona". BOE. (Իսպաներեն)
- «Barcelona–El Prat Airport – Aena Aeropuertos»։ Aena-aeropuertos.es։ Վերցված է 7 April 2013
- EUROCONTROL basic. Eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
- «Air passenger transport in Europe in 2007»։ eurostat.eu։ Վերցված է 14 September 2015
- «Why the train in Spain is more popular than the plane»։ elpais.com։ Վերցված է 14 April 2014
- aomd88։ «Airline memorabilia: Alas de la República: CLASSA, LAPE (1934)»։ Վերցված է 1 June 2015
- «History – Barcelona–El Prat Airport»։ aena։ Վերցված է 12 December 2014
- «IAG operará vuelos ‘low cost’ de largo radio desde El Prat a partir de junio»
- Barcelona / Plan Barcelona Archived 5 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Aena.es. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
- aena.es - Destinos retrieved 16 February 2017
- «Air China schedules Shanghai – Barcelona May 2017 launch»։ Routesonline։ Վերցված է 16 February 2017
- «American adds new International routes in S17»։ routesonline։ Վերցված է 11 September 2016
- Asiana Airlines S18 Long-Haul changes as of 17NOV17 Routesonline. 20 November 2017.
- «Flights map»։ azurair.ua։ 30 January 2018։ Վերցված է 30 January 2018
- Newseditor։ «Cathay Pacific increases services to Barcelona, Tel Aviv and Fukuoka»։ finchannel.com
- Wilkie Kirsty։ «Belfast Charter Programme to Freedom of the Seas»։ nitravelnews.com։ Արխիվացված է օրիգինալից 14 November 2016-ին
- «Etihad Airways to launch new service to Barcelona»։ Etihad Airways։ Վերցված է 3 June 2018
- «Official web site of Georgian Airways - https://www.georgian-airways.com/»։ https://www.georgian-airways.com/
- Germania begin new service from Dresden
- Liu, Jim։ «Iberia adds Barcelona – Burgos service from June 2018»։ Routesonline.com։ Վերցված է 22 February 2018
- Air France outlines JOON operation from Dec 2017 Routesonline. 25 September 2017.
- «LEVEL moves Oakland service to San Francisco from late-Oct 2018»։ Routesonline։ Վերցված է 2018-08-31
- «Low-Cost Airline Brand LEVEL Announces Plans to Shift Nonstop Barcelona Flights from Oakland to SFO This Fall»։ Վերցված է 7 June 2018
- «Mahan Air plans Barcelona June 2017 launch»։ Routesonline։ Վերցված է 10 March 2017
- «Barcelona tindrà vol directe amb Silicon Valley per primera vegada»
- Liu Jim (16 March 2017)։ «Rossiya adds Moscow Vnukovo – Barcelona seasonal service in S17»։ Routesonline։ Վերցված է 16 March 2017
- «Flight schedule»։ platov.aero։ 4 December 2017
- «RyanAir introduces Winter plane 2017/2018 from Frankfurt Am Main Vor»։ RyanAir։ Վերցված է 28 February 2017
- «Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17»։ Routesonline։ Վերցված է 5 March 2017
- Small Planet expands Lublin service in S17 Routesonline. 1 December 2016.
- «TAP Air Portugal plans to expand Porto network in S18»։ Routesonline։ 18 December 2017
- Spanish airline Vueling will add more flights to Helsinki in winter season 2017–2018 aviation24.be. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017
- «Welcome to Barcelona!»։ windrose.aero։ 5 February 2018։ Վերցված է 7 March 2018
- «Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Prague: Wizz Air launches new direct flights from Kutaisi»։ agenda.ge։ 6 October 2017։ Վերցված է 6 October 2017
- «Welcome to the world of opportunity! - Wizz Air»։ wizzair.com
- «Cuenta atrás para la inauguración del metro al aeropuerto de El Prat» [Countdown to the opening the metro to the airport of El Prat]։ La Vanguardia (Press release) (Spanish)։ La Vanguardia։ 14 January 2016։ Վերցված է 15 January 2016
- «El metro hacia El Prat comenzará a funcionar el día 12 de febrero» [The metro to el Prat gonna starts on 12 February]։ La Vanguardia (Press release) (Spanish)։ La Vanguardia։ 20 January 2016։ Վերցված է 20 January 2016
- Batty David (4 December 2010)։ «Spanish airports reopen after strike causes holiday chaos»։ guardian.co.uk (London)։ Վերցված է 5 December 2010
- Owen Edward (4 December 2010)։ «Spanish air traffic controllers marched back to work as airports reopen»։ telegraph.co.uk (London)։ Վերցված է 5 December 2010
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